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Acrylamide Induced Toxicity and the Propensity of Phytochemicals in Amelioration: A Review

[ Vol. 19 , Issue. 2 ]

Author(s):

Shinomol George Kunnel*, Sunitha Subramanya, Pankaj Satapathy, Ishtapran Sahoo and Farhan Zameer*   Pages 100 - 113 ( 14 )

Abstract:


Acrylamide is widely found in baked and fried foods, produced in large amount in industries and is a prime component in toxicity. This review highlights various toxicities that are induced due to acrylamide, its proposed mode of action including oxidative stress cascades and ameliorative mechanisms using phytochemicals. Acrylamide formation, the mechanism of toxicity and the studies on the role of oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunctions are elaborated in this paper. The various types of toxicities caused by Acrylamide and the modulation studies using phytochemicals that are carried out on various type of toxicity like neurotoxicity, hepatotoxicity, cardiotoxicity, immune system, and skeletal system, as well as embryos have been explored. Lacunae of studies include the need to explore methods for reducing the formation of acrylamide in food while cooking and also better modulators for alleviating the toxicity and associated dysfunctions along with identifying its molecular mechanisms.

Keywords:

Acrylamide, antioxidants, modulators, neurotoxicity, phytochemicals, reactive oxygen species.

Affiliation:

Department of Biotechnology, Dayananda Sagar College of Engineering (An Autonomous Institute Affiliated to VTU, Belagavi), Shavige Malleshwara Hills, Kumaraswamy Layout, Bengaluru - 560 078, Karnataka, Department of Biotechnology, Dayananda Sagar College of Engineering (An Autonomous Institute Affiliated to VTU, Belagavi), Shavige Malleshwara Hills, Kumaraswamy Layout, Bengaluru - 560 078, Karnataka, Department of Biological Sciences, School of Basic and Applied Sciences, Dayananda Sagar University, Shavige Malleshwara Hills, Kumaraswamy Layout, Bengaluru-560 078, Karnataka, Molecular Biology, Thermo Fisher Scientific, Bangalore- 560066, Department of Biological Sciences, School of Basic and Applied Sciences, Dayananda Sagar University, Shavige Malleshwara Hills, Kumaraswamy Layout, Bengaluru-560 078, Karnataka

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