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Potential Mechanisms Involved in the Anticonvulsant Effect of Methanol Extract of Pyrenancantha staudtii in Mice

[ Vol. 20 , Issue. 2 ]

Author(s):

Olayemi K. Wakeel*, Oluropo B. Awosan, Oyetunji T. Kolawole, Akeem A. Ayankunle, Olukunle J. Onaolapo and Oluwaseyi A. Adeyeba   Pages 144 - 154 ( 11 )

Abstract:


Objective: To determine the potential effect of Pyrenancantha staudtii extract on experimentally induced seizures in mice and to evaluate the role of benzodiazepines, naloxone, and serotonin within these pathways.

Methods: Animal behaviours were evaluated using open field, hexobarbitone-induced sleep model, and anticonvulsant activity using picrotoxin-, or strychnine-, or isoniazid-induced convulsions. Attempt to understand the mode of action of the anticonvulsant activity of the plant, three notable antagonists (flumazenil, 3 mg/kg; naloxone 5 mg/kg, i.p., and cyproheptadine, 4 mg/kg, i.p) were used.

Results: The results revealed a significant (p < 0.05) reduction in the frequency of rearing and grooming episodes compared with the control. The extract of P. staudtii potentiates the sleeping time of hexobarbitone-induced hypnosis in a dose-related manner. P. staudtii stem bark extracts significantly (p<0.05) prolonged the onset of a seizure and attenuated the duration of seizure in a dose-dependent manner in picrotoxin- and or isoniazid-induced seizures. While, P. staudtii stem bark extract at all doses (100, 200, and 400 mg kg-1) though significantly prolonged the onset of action, but did not confer any significant changes on the duration, as well as mortality in this strychnine-induced seizure model. However, the anticonvulsant activity of the methanolic extract of P. staudtii was significantly reversed following intraperitoneal pre-treatment with flumazenil (GABA receptor antagonist) and naloxone (opioid receptor antagonist) but not cyproheptadine (5-HT2 receptor antagonist) in picrotoxin-induced convulsion.

Conclusion: The data obtained suggest that methanol extract of P. staudtii possessed significant anticonvulsant effect, thereby confirming the traditional uses of P. staudtii in the treatment of epilepsy; mechanisms of which could involve the interaction with GABAergic and or opioidergic system.

Keywords:

Pyrenancantha staudtii, picrotoxin, isoniazid, cyproheptadine, hexobarbitone, strychnine.

Affiliation:

Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Health Sciences Osogbo, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Health Sciences Osogbo, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Health Sciences Osogbo, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Health Sciences Osogbo, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Faculty of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Health Sciences Osogbo, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso

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