Marta Makara-Studzinska, Adam Czabański, Katarzyna Gronowska, Jerzy Leszek, Elizaveta V. Mikhaylenko, Marco F. Avila-Rodriguez, Cristian Muresanu, Siva G. Somasundaram, Cecil E. Kirkland and Gjumrakch Aliev* Pages 85 - 92 ( 8 )
Suicides on railway tracks are one of the most drastic ones. No research concerning this phenomenon has been conducted to this date in Poland. This article focuses on the connection between suicidal behaviors on Polish railway tracks and sociodemographic traits and presents risk factors.
Background: The Incidence of suicide is spread across many European countries. Of these, Poland ranks 22nd in terms of suicide attempts. This study aims to highlight the suicide attempts rates on Polish railways lines and their main risk factors. Limited available of statistical data before 2013.
Methods: Statistical review of the available Central Police headquarters database and analyses of the influence of the risk factors on people’s awareness during the suicide attempts and their geographical distribution in Poland during the years 2013-2016. The prevalence of railway suicides in individual voivodeships (provinces) in Poland has been indicated in a 3D map.
Results: There were 834 cases of railway suicide fatalities across the entire country. Of the total suicide statistics by any means, 3.75% are railway related. The average known age of those committing railway suicides were: 37.9 years for men (n = 627) and 34.6 for women (n = 155). In most cases, suicides were committed by bachelors (54.3%). The largest group of people who committed suicide had a primary level of education (42.0%). Among the suicides, a significant group are unemployed (45.2%). Alcohol intoxication was found established responsible for a person’s low awareness of his actions in 70.9% of cases. Almost 63.3% of people had a higher propensity for suicidal ideation and behavior, resulting in their being treated for mental health issues.
Conclusion: Alcohol intoxication, illegal narcotics and psychotropic medication are responsible for a person’s lower awareness of his or her actions, in most of the cases of suicide on Polish railway lines.
Rail suicide, railway tracks, socio-demographic analysis, alcohol and substance abuse, suicidal ideation, alcohol intoxication.
Department of Health Psychology, Jagiellonian University – Collegium Medicum, Kraków, Department of Medical Sciences, Poznan University of Medical Sciences (PUMS), Poznan, Centrum Neuropsychiatrii “Neuromed”, Wroclaw Children's Psychiatry Center, Wroclaw, Alzheimer's Disease Center in Scinawa Near Wroclaw, and Department of Psychiatry, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, Department of Medical Sciences, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation (Sechenov University), 8/2 Trubetskaya Str., Moscow, 119991, Department of Clinic Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Tolima, Barrio Santa Helena 730006, Romanian Television, TVR Cluj, 160 Donath Street, Cluj-Napoca, CJ 400293, Department of Biological Sciences, Salem University, Salem, WV, Department of Biological Sciences, Salem University, Salem, WV, GALLY International Research Institute, 7733 Louis Pasteur Drive, #330, San Antonio, TX, 78229